This may be a stupid question, so bear with me. :grin I thought Visas weren't required of US citizens to these two countries but have pulled up a couple web pages that say they are required. Is that right?
In 1989 visa's were required in France. I mentioned needing one at a dinner party prior to leaving and one of my wife's friends innocently asked if they didn't take Mastercard!!! Shortly after we were there the requirement was dropped and they haven't been required since. There is no where in Western European that requires Americans to have a visa.